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 "Be formless... shapeless,

like Water.

If you put water into a cup,

it becomes the cup.

You put water into a bottle;

it becomes the bottle.

You put it into a teapot;

it becomes the teapot.

Water can flow,

and it can crash. 

Be water, my friend..." 


Bruce Lee  

          ~Fighting philosophy~




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The meaning of blackbelt patterns...

First Dan

Poomsae Koroyo

Koryo embodies the spirit of strong conviction. Koryo poomsae symbolises “Seonbae” which means a learned man, who is characterised by a strong martial art spirit as well as righteous leaned man’s spirit. The English word Korea comes from the ancient dynasty called Koryo (AD 918-1392) born of the successful wars in which the HwaRang of Silla ultimately unified the three kingdoms into one nation.

The people of Koryo were known for great fortitude and they persistently defeated the Mongolian hordes who swept over most of the known world of that time. Each movement of this poomsae represents the strength and energy needed to control the Mongols.

The new techniques appearing in this poomsae are kodeum-chagi, opeun-sonnal-bakkat-chigi, sonnal- arae-makki, khaljaebi-mureup-nullo-kkokki, momtong-hecho-makki, jumeok- pyojeok-jireugi, pyonson-kkeut-jecho-jireugi, batang-son-nullo-makki, palkup-yop-chagi, me-jumeok-arae-pyojeok-chigi, etc, which only black-belters can practice. The jumbi-seogi is the tong-milgi that requires mental concentration by positioning the hand in between the upper abdomen and the lower abdomen where "sin"[divine] and "jeong"[spirit] converge.

The line of poomsae represents the Chinese letter, which means "seonbae" or "seonbi", a learned man or a man virtue in the Korean language.

See member's section for poomsae illustration.

  Second Dan

Poomsae Keumgang


Keumgang (meaning diamond) has the significance of “hardness” and “ponderosity”. The original meaning of the word is that which is "too strong to be broken”. In Buddhism it further means, "what can break off every agony of mind, with the combination of wisdom and virtue”.

In Taekwondo Keumgang stands for movement that is based on spiritual strength; that is both as beautiful and majestic as the diamond mountain, and as strong as diamonds. The movements of the poomsae Keumgang are as beautiful as the Keumgang-san (a Korean mountain) and as strong as Keumgang-seok (meaning diamond in Korean).

New techniques introduced in this poomsae are batangson-teok-chigi, han-son-nal-momtong-an-makki, Keumgang-makki, santeoul-makki, kheun dol-tzogi [large hinge], and the hak-dari-seogi. The poomsae line is symbolic of the Chinese letter. The movement should be powerful and well balanced so as to befit the black belt's dignity.

See member's section for poomsae illustration.

Third Dan 

Poomsae Taebaek

Taebaek is the name of a mountain with the meaning of “bright mountain”. The legendary ‘Tangun' founded a nation in Taebaek, near Korea's biggest mountain paektu. The Taebaek mountain range is the backbone of Korea, and its tallest mountain, paektu is regarded as the country’s symbol. The principals involved dictate that this form should be performed with precision, grace, and a determined will.

The word Taebaek can also mean being looked up to as sacred paektu is a symbol for Korea. The definition of Taebaek is "lightness". Every movement in this poomsae must not only be exact en fast, but with determination and hardness.

New techniques introduced in this poomsae are sonnal-arae-hecho-makki, sonnal-opeo-japki [grabbing], japhin-son-mok-ppaegi [pulling out the caught wrist], Kumkang-momtong-makki, deung-jumeok-olgul-bakkat-chigi, dol-tzeogi [hinge], etc.

The line of poomsae is like a Chinese letter, which symbolized the bridge between the Heaven and the earth, signifying human beings founded the nation by the Heaven's order. The poomsae movements are largely composed of momtong-makkis and chigis.

See member's section for poomsae illustration.

Fourth Dan 

Poomsae Pyongwon

Pyongwon means a plain which is a vast stretched-out land: big, majestic. It is the source of life for all the creatures and the field where human beings live their life.  In Korea, Pyongwon is a great plain and an area of agriculture. This fertile land provides the people with sustenance.  Pyongwon expresses potential strength and flexibility. 

It represents the majestic spirit of the great plain, which is its namesake. This poomsae is the application of abundance, the grace and of extended without end of the plain.  Poomsae Pyongwon is based on the idea of peace and struggle resulting from the principles of origin an use.

The new techniques introduced in this poomsae are palkup-ollyo-chigi, kodureo- olgul-yop-makki, dangkyo-teok-jireugi, meongye-chigi, hecho-santeul-makki, etc. The jumbi-seogi is the moa-seogi-wen-kyop-son [left overlapping hands], which requires concentration of force in the beginning and source of human life. The line of poomsae means the origin and transformation of the plain.

See member's section for poomsae illustration.

Fifth Dan

Poomsae Sipjin

The Korean decimal system is known as sipjin. It is the measure of 10’s. The word “Sipjin” was derived from the thought of 10 longevity, which advocates there are ten creatures of long life, namely, sun, moon, mountain, water, stone, pine tree, herb of eternal youth tortoise, deer and crane. It is symbolic for endless development and growth.

Since it stands for disciplined change, the form requires stability in every movement. The plus sign, which is its "line and direction of movement" is also the Chinese character that means 10. This poomsae represents the orderliness of the decimal system. It also means the endless development and growth in a systematic order: stability.

The new techniques introduced in this poomsae are hwangso-makki [bull makki], son-badak[palm]-kodureo-makki, opeun-son-nal-jireugi, son-nal-arae-makki, bawi-milgi [rock pushing], son-nal-deung-momtong-hecho-makki, kodeo-olligi [lifting up], chettari-jireugi [fork-shape jireugi], son-nal-otkoreo-arae-makki, son-nal-deung-momtong-makki, which counts 10.

The Chinese letter meaning ten is the form of the poomsae line, which signifies an infinite numbering of the decimal system and ceaseless development.

See member's section for poomsae illustration.

Sixth Dan

Poomsae Jitae

The word “Jitae” means a man standing on the ground with the two feet, looking over the sky. Jitae is the earth, from which all life springs and then returns. All natural phenomena originates from the earth and, it’s these properties that apply to this poomsae.

Movements of jitae are a harmonious blend of implicitly welling power and strong muscles. It represents the vigour of life. This form represents the cyclical changes of our planet. The movements in this form should be done with an emphasis on solidly rooted stances representing our connections with the earth. 

The new techniques introduced in this poomsae are han-son-nal-olgul-makki, keumkang-momtong-jireugi, and me-jumeok-yop-pyojeok-chigi only, and the poomsae line signified a man standing on earth to spring up toward the heaven.

See member's section for poomsae illustration.

Seventh Dan

Poomsae Chonkwon

The word means "sky" or "heaven"; that which rules the universe. Its infinite competence signifies the creation, change and completion. The vast sky is infinite and mysterious - it gives rise to the human imagination.

The movements of this poomsae are full of both piety and vitality as earthbound, we look to the sky. Since ancient times, the open and mysterious vastness of the sky has made it a source of reverence for people. This form represents the profound impact the sky has had on the imaginations of humans. The techniques in this form should be done with a sense of piety while drawing on internal, life-force energy for power as opposed to physical strength.

The new techniques introduced in thtis poomsae are nalgae-pyogi [wing opening], bam-jumeok-sosum-chigi [knuckle protruding fist springing chigi], hwidullo-makki [swinging makki], hwidullo-jabadangkigi [swinging and drawing], keumgang-yop-jireugi, taesan-milgi, etc., and a crouched walking manner.

The characteristics of movements are large actions and arm sections forming gentle curves, thus symbolizing the greatness of Chunkwon thought. The poomsae line "T" symbolises a man coming down from the heaven, submitting to the will of Heaven, being endowed power by the Heaven and worshiping the Heaven, which means the oneness between the Heaven and a human being.

See member's section for poomsae illustration.

Eighth Dan

Poomsae Hansu


Hansu means water and its movement is fluid and forceful, like that for which it is named. Water is the essence of life and from a single drop it forms streams, rivers, and oceans. It can be serene or wild, strong or soft. Its fluid power is persistent, yet it takes the shape of its vessel.

The main characteristic of water is that it is readily adaptable to any situation. It adjust its shape so that it can conform with whatever environment it is presented with. By doing so, it's basic nature remains unchanged. The techniques in this form should be performed in a way to reflect the fluid adaptability of water.

The new techniques introduced in this poomsae are son-nal-deung momtong-hecho-makki, me-jumeok-yang-yopkuri[both flanks]-chigi, kodureo-khaljaebi, an-palmok-arae- pyojeok-makki, son-nal-keumgang-makki, etc., and also modum-bal as a stance.

Actions should be practiced softly like water but continuously like a drop of water gathering to make an ocean. The poomsae line symbolizes the Chinese letter that means water.

See member's section for poomsae illustration.

Nineth Dan

Poomsae Ilyo


Ilyo is the Korean word for "oneness with the universe" (the Hindi equivalent is nirvana). It is a Buddhist concept that is achieved when someone’s body, mind, and spirit become one. It can only be reached when all worldly desires have been discarded.

The ultimate objective in Buddhism is to achieve a state of oneness where mind, body and spirit are unified. Thought, action and will become one and the same. The integration of these three human aspects is the ultimate gaol of Taekwondo. This poomsae should be performs with complete focus on concentration so that no thoughts or distractions disturb the flow of the form.

The new techniques introduced in this poomsae are son-nal-olgul-makki, wesanteul-yop-chagi, du-son-pyo[two opened hands]-bitureo-jabadangkigi [twisting and pulling], twio- yop-chagi and the first stance of ogeum[knee back]-hakdari-seogi. Jumbi-seogi is the bo-jumeok-moa-seogi [wrapped-up fist moa-seogi], in which, as the last step of poomsae training, two wrapped-up fists are placed in front of the chin, which has the significance of unification and moderation, so that the spiritual energy can flow freely into the body as well as the two hands.

The line of poomsae symbolizes the Buddist mark [swastika], in commemoration of saint Wonhyo, which means a state of perfect selflessness in Buddhism where origin, substance and service come into congruity.

See member's section for poomsae illustration.

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